Essentially, there are three skin types: Normal, oily and dry. Some people can have a combination, and that is referred to as combination skin. Contrary to popular belief, sensitive and acne-prone skin are not classified skin types, but, instead a condition.
The Difference Between Skin Types and Conditions
Skin types are genetic.
Normal skin has the perfect balance of oil and moisture.
Oily skin is the result of having over-active sebaceous glands (glands that produce oil).
Dry skin secretes very little oil, and is often rough.
There are five skin conditions that are influenced by internal and external factors.
Unfortunately, there isn't much we can do about aging skin; it's just a fact of life. However, there are things you can do to slow the process.
Exfoliating regularly will help increase cell renewal, revealing bright healthy skin. Choosing a chemical exfoliant can also aide in brightening hyperpigmentation (dark spots). It's also important to incorporate a serum that addresses your specific skin concerns. I personally love Vitamin C serums to help keep my skin brighter, and serums that contain hyaluronic acid to help retain moisture.
And of course, mineral sunscreen. Always.
Dehydrated skin is not the same the dry skin. Dehydrated skin is the lack of water in the top layer, the stratum corneum. It can happen for a number of reasons, and even oily skin types can experience dehydration!
The way to check your skin for dehydration is to use the pinch method. If your skin doesn't bounce back your skin cells are in need of water.
The way to rehydrate the skin is through exfoliation, serums, and moisturizing. I prefer chemical vs physical exfoliants. Chemical exfoliants will give your skin continuous accelerated cell renewal.
Serums should be applied before a moisturizer. They are smaller molecules that are easily absorbed by the skin.
Sensitive skin is the result of a compromised barrier. This can happen for a number of reasons, both internal and external factors. Characteristics of sensitive skin include: red, flaky, and rough.
The first order of business is restoring your skins barrier. This can be accomplished through gentle cleansers, and barrier repairing serums and moisturizers. I highly recommend Skin Script's Pomegranate cream cleanser to calm the angriest of skin followed by their Cacteen balancing moisturizer. In combination, these products will restore and protect the skin.
Unfortunately both hypo (loss of color) and hyper (dark spots) pigmentation is difficult to address. Hyperpigmentation is often linked to hormones.
The best thing you can do for your skin if you're suffering from hyperpigmentation is to throw away your chemical SPF and purchase a mineral sunscreen. Chemical sunscreens absorb UV rays and break them up within the skin which can cause hyperpigmentation. Mineral sunscreens on the other hand create a barrier in which UV rays bounce off the skin.
Products that help prevent and lighten hyperpigmentation include actives like Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and Kojic acid, to name a few.
Acne is a form of inflammation, therefore it's important to find the root cause of your break outs. Things like hormones, stress, diet and other environmental factors can all play a role.
It's also important to find the right combination of products that both treat, and protect the skin. A gentle cleanser, a chemical exfoliant, a topical treatment, and of course, a moisturizer that helps restore balance.
Over-stripping the skin can lead to further breakouts so please take a gentle approach when trying to clear breakouts.